James Meek and Claire McCausland
Lecturers, University of Central Lancashire Preston, UK
The HIV in the United Kingdom Report is an annual document published by Public Health England (PHE) which looks in detail at HIV data from the previous year. It is the second year that PHE has published the report, as previously this was undertaken by the Health Protection Agency.
According to the 2014 report data, it is estimated that there were 107,800 people living with HIV (PLWH) in the UK in 2013; this demonstrates an overall prevalence rate of 2.8 per 1,000 people, with men being the most affected at 3.7 per 1,000 and women at 1.9 per 1,000. However, these data only include people aged 15 to 59 years. In 2013 there were 6,000 new cases of HIV diagnosed and 320 reported cases of AIDS. Of those diagnosed, 42% presented late with a CD4 count of less than 350 cells/mm3. Five hundred and thirty PLWH died, most of whom presented with late diagnoses. Of the 6,000 new diagnoses, 1,520 were females and 4,480 were males with 3,250 of the cases being men who have sex with men (see Table 1). The number of new diagnoses has continued to decrease gradually since its peak in 2005 when there were 7,890 new cases. Read more. . .