Cardiovascular disease and HIV

Juliet Bennett
Independent Nurse Advisor

Abstract
Among the many comorbidity conditions, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has become an area of particular concern in the field of HIV. The high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in people living with HIV, alongside the growing evidence of HIV-accelerated inflammatory processes, known to promote atherosclerosis, presents an ongoing challenge. A good understanding of CVD is, therefore, important for all nurses working in the field of HIV. A sound knowledge and understanding of this area will enhance the nurses’ ability to provide holistic, person-centred screening and interventions that strive to improve well-being, quality of life and life expectancy. This article has been prepared to aid your continuing professional development and with revalidation in mind.
Keywords: cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, HIV disease, antiretroviral therapy, modifiable risk factors, risk reduction