HIV and cancer

Juliet Bennett
Independent Nurse Advisor

Abstract
Despite advances in HIV medicine people living with HIV continue to face many challenges. These include an increased risk of a number of cancers. In order to effectively identify those at risk and meet their healthcare needs nurses need knowledge and vigilance. This will result in appropriate patient education and referral for screening thereby maximising the chances of early detection and enhancing clinical outcomes. Cancers seen more commonly in people living with HIV will be discussed, including those classifi ed as ‘AIDS defi ning’ i.e. Kaposi ’ s sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and invasive cervical cancer; in addition to other cancers seen disproportionately in this cohort, namely those of the liver, anus and lung.
Keywords : ART , HIV , cervical , Kaposi ’ s sarcoma , non-Hodgkin lymphoma , liver , anal , lung