HIV and diabetes

Juliet Bennett
Independent Nurse Advisor

Abstract
Despite advances in HIV medicine people living with HIV (PLWH) continue to face many challenges. Addressing morbidity and mortality from concurrent and related conditions is a priority for all healthcare professionals working in this field. Diabetes in the general population is increasing in the developed world. Likewise, the numbers of PLWH who are diagnosed with the condition is escalating. This article provides an overview of the types of diabetes, outlines the various risk factors, describes screening measures and discusses the clinical management of this condition, with a focus on type 2 diabetes. The nurse’s role in diabetes prevention and care will be discussed, with specific reference to meeting the needs of PLWH.
Keywords: type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, HIV, antiretroviral therapy, diagnosis, management