HIV and renal disorders

Juliet Bennett
Independent Nurse Advisor

Abstract
Despite advances in HIV medicine it is widely acknowledged that people living with HIV (PLWH) are at particular risk of renal problems although the pattern of disease has changed significantly over time. Renal disease, also known as kidney disease or nephropathy, is currently one of the most common non-infectious comorbidities seen among PLWH. It is vital that health care professionals are aware of this risk in order to facilitate early detection, assessment and monitoring of the condition. A range of interventions are available to minimise further deterioration and to treat end-stage renal disease. There is a clear role for nurses working in the field of HIV alongside multidisciplinary colleagues in the provision of evidence-based screening and care for those affected, in order to improve clinical outcomes and quality of life.
Key words: renal disease, HIV, assessment, monitoring, treatment