HIV co-infections: TB, HCV and HBV

Juliet Bennett
Independent Nurse Advisor

Abstract
Immunodeficiency caused by suboptimally treated HIV infection increases the risk of additional concurrent infections, both opportunistic and those that occur in spite of a relatively robust immune system. In relation to the latter, this article identifies three such infections that continue to cause significant morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV globally. These are Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV). Knowledge of the complex interaction between HIV and these co-infections is central to developing new strategies for optimal prevention, treatment and care.
Keywords: co-infections, MTB, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus, HIV