Effectiveness of Protocol on Prevention and Management of Post Operative Hypothermia.
Background: The goal of preventing hypothermia is to minimize heat loss by decreasing radiation and convection from the skin, evaporation from the exposed surgical site and cooling due to cold intravenous fluids and also reduce the complications for good prognosis and speedy recovery. Objective: Objective of this study was to assess effectiveness of protocol on post operative hypothermia. Method: a hospital based qualitative interventional study was undertaken. All the postoperative patients (N=250) that underwent anaesthesia were included. The body temperature was measured pre, intra and post operatively of patient. Analysis was done using the software SPSS version 26.00. Results: Total 250 post operative patients were included in the study. Almost 98.4% of patients had post operative hypothermia they were having shivering and lack of coordination factors present. 99% of patients were normothermic and conscious in pre operative phase, 99% patients required passive warming in intraoperative phase and about 63% of patient had given warmed I.V Fluids to prevent hypothermia in post operative period. Conclusion: Post operative hypothermia in surgical patients is a common but preventable complication. But the knowledge and skills of the peri operative nurses can help to reduce or prevent the occurrence of post operative hypothermia.
Hypothermia, Temperature, peri-operative, recovery room (PACU), ICU.