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Reham M. Abd Elrahim Ahmed M. Salama Essraa A. Abd El-Hamid Hanady A. Mouhamed Adel M. E. Zedan Wael O.A. Abd el-Khalek

Abstract

Background: A degenerative condition called adhesive capsulitis, also known as “frozen shoulder”, causes excruciating discomfort when moving and restricts the range of motion (ROM). The purpose of this study is to determine whether diaphragmatic breathing exercises have any immediate impact on pain and joint mobility in individuals with adhesive capsulitis. Patients and procedures A total of 24 patients who reported adhesive capsulitis were included and divided into two equal groups: group A (control) and group B (experimental). Group B underwent one session of 20 minutes of diaphragmatic breathing exercises while group A received no treatment at all and simply rested on a chair for the duration of group A's treatment. A visual analog scale was used to quantify shoulder pain, and a universal goniometer was used to measure the shoulder range of motion. Results: There was a significant difference (p<0.005) between pre-and post-test mean values, with the experimental group experiencing a post-treatment significant decrease in pain and an increase in mobility (B). Diaphragmatic breathing exercises had an immediate impact on shoulder discomfort and range of motion in people with adhesive capsulitis. Since most interventions are limited in the early stages of the disease because of the severity of the pain, this result is essential for physiotherapists and patients. Additional longitudinal research is required. Keywords: Adhesive Capsulitis, Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise, Shoulder Pain, Shoulder Range of Motion.

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