Sami Kamel Ajeel Noor Sami AL- Lebawy


Background: Rotavirus is the main infective agent of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in children under the age of two years and causing significant morbidity as well as mortality throughout the world. Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine the frequency of the one of the most important enteric viruses (Rotavirus) in stool specimens of children aged less than 2 years. The age, sex distribution, type of feeding and the area of residence were noted. Methods: A total of 50 fecal specimens (including 28 males and 22 females) were collected from infants under 2 years of age in Al_ Muthanna Governorate in South of Iraq during four months (from November 2021 to March 2022). The samples were classified into four groups according to the age of the children: ≤5 months, 6-10 months, 11-15months and 16-20 months. Rotavirus was detected by using RT_PCR technology. Results: The results of this study revealed that Rotavirus were the main cause of diarrhea for children which about 76%. The results showed that the number of male children diarrhea patients was more than their female. The number of children infected with diarrhea, caused by Rotavirus was high (16) in age group ≤5 months. The infected children with Rotavirus were classified according to their feeding; natural feeding, mixed feeding and artifical feeding. The number and ratio of infected children with Rotavirus were 2 (5.3%), 17 (44.7%) and 19 (50%) respectively. Conclusions: It is concluded from this study that human Rotavirus is the main causative of acute gastroenteritis in infants under 2 years old in AL.Muthanna Governorate. It may cause sporadic infection in closely groups of children and this should be considered while treating acute gastroenteritis patients

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Acute gastroenteritis, Human Rotavirus , Real Time – PCR

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