Social interaction anxiety in responding toCovid-19 outbreak in Arabic region

Hayder Ameer Jabor, Muhannad Abdullah Alshaer,

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause diseases that range from the common cold
to more severe illnesses such as the Middle East respiratory syndrome and severe acute respiratory
syndrome. Novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain affecting humans. Hence, there is a rapid national
response to investigate and respond to public health threats promptly. However, the national teams
will need updated training to investigate and respond to the nCoV. The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19)
pandemic can be stressful for people. Fear and anxiety about a new disease and its outcome can be
overwhelming and cause strong emotions in adults and children. Public health measures, such as social
distancing, can make people feel isolated and increase stress and anxiety levels. However, these measures
are essential to limit the spread of COVID-19. This cross-sectional study to assessed the psychological
impact of the general population on the COVID-19 pandemic at the time of curfews and closures
in the Arab region. We used an online survey distributed via social media apps, such as WhatsApp and
Facebook, and the participants were also encouraged to distribute the survey. The study sample consisted
of 53% males and 47% females aged 17-64 years, and the majority were between 35-44 years
(35%). Among the Arab individuals, most of the study samples were under the cut of point (63.86%). But
33.88% had a mild level of social interaction anxiety in responding to COVID-19.
Key words: COVID-19, Social Interaction Anxiety