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Amer A. Hammadi

Abstract

Objectives: The current research compares the antibacterial efficacy of plant products on pathogenic bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (Staph. aureus) using powder of Allium sativum (A. sativum) extracted using two different procedures ethanolic and magnetic water methods .Methods: In order to obtain a cured extract of A. sativum, two solvents—ethanol and magnetic water—were used. The extract's minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was then determined by testing its efficacy against two types of bacteria E. coli and Staph. aureus to find the most effective method and concentration of solvent optimization.Results: When compared between these two methods and with the antibiotic, the extract showed activity in vitro against two species of pathogenic bacteria (E. coli and Staph. aureus). This appeared in inhibited zone diameter for these bacteria pathogenic bacteria (8,6, 1.5)mm with ethanolic extract and (13, 6.8, 2.4, 1.3)mm with magnetic water methods on E. coli. Effectiveness of ethanolic extract on Staph. aureus (18, 10, 4, 2)mm and magnetic water on (25, 18, 8.2, 3.8, 1.5)mm. All isolates were susceptible to ethanolic extracts, a magnetic water extract of A. sativum, and the effectiveness of G+ve bacteria over G-ve bacteria. Conclusion: The current report will aid in the discovery of novel goods and medications. The findings of this study demonstrate that chemicals with antibacterial and antioxidant effects against various bacteria are present in A. sativum extracts prepared using two different techniques.

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