The transmission of hepatitis C viral infection is a public health problem, especially for dialysis patients, thalassemia patients, and liver patients, due to the high prevalence and high risk of patients. The aim of this study was to detect hepatitis C virus and reduce its spread among patients, especially patients with dialysis, thalassemia and liver patients. In this study, 150 different clinical samples were recruited and examined by immunodetection for HCV Ab antibodies using a rapid assay and ELISA test. The results shown through the rapid examination and from the ELISA test, in the presence of 63 samples from among the clinical samples, were positive for hepatitis C virus type C, in addition to the presence of other types of hepatitis virus, and these samples included males and females and different ages distributed in different residential areas and environments. As a result of contamination occurring during blood transfusion methods, or as a result of insufficient hygiene and sterilization of the tools used during dialysis, in addition to other causes. The spread of viral hepatitis C type and the emergence of positive infection in patients undergoing dialysis and patients with thalassemia and liver disease is widespread in all Iraqi governorates as well as in countries of the world. Therefore, caution and caution and all necessary measures must be taken to limit this spread and combat means of transportation. Infection and pollutants that increase the susceptibility and exacerbation of the virus.
Hepatitis C; clinical samples; Al-Najaf Governorate